HIPAA is the acronym for the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act. It is a US law developed by the Department of Health and Human Services to protect the confidentiality of patients’ medical records and other information provided to health care providers. It provides patients easier, electronic access to their health care records and more control over how the information in those records is used and disclosed. HIPAA also makes health insurance coverage easier to transfer and continue when people change or lose their jobs.