Dietary Intervention Increasing Omega-3 Intake

Clinical Trial ID: NCT03806868

Description

This Dietary Intervention is being done to evaluate the feasibility of a food voucher program and dietary counseling to increase consumption of healthy fatty acids (omega-3) in individuals with Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease (COPD).

The goal of this pilot intervention is to evaluate the feasibility of a food voucher program and dietary counseling to increase dietary intake of omega-3 fatty acid in individuals with COPD. This hypothesis is based on a number of recent observations. Studies have investigated the impact of omega-3 fatty acids, especially Eicosapentaenoic acid (EPA), Docosahexaenoic acid (DHA), alfa-linolenic acid (ALA) intake in chronic diseases and show a link with decreased systemic inflammation measured by cytokines including interleukin 1 (IL-1B), interleukin 6 (IL-6), interleukin 10 (IL-10), tumoral necrosis factor alfa (TNF-α) and eicosanoids; and improved outcomes. In a large cross-sectional study of individuals with COPD, a diet rich in the omega-3 ALA was associated with lower serum TNF-α levels while a diet rich in the omega-6's LA and arachidonic acid (AA) had higher systemic inflammatory markers IL-6 and c-reactive protein (CRP). Other recent nutritional epidemiological study showed the association of greater intakes of omega-3 fatty acids with better lung function profile, but also a slower forced expiratory volume at the 1 second (FEV1) decline in the same smoker cohort. Preliminary cross-sectional data (n=59), from the CLEAN Air study, reported that at baseline, a higher omega 3 dietary intake was linked with reduced systemic inflammation (IL-1B) and improved respiratory outcomes (a 28% decrease in the odds of COPD symptoms in moderate-severe COPD and conversely, higher omega-6 levels associated with worse outcomes, including increased dyspnea and lower lung function. These findings support the importance of implementing an intervention program to confirm there is a beneficial association between fatty acid dietary intake and reduced COPD symptoms. To this end, the investigators propose a pilot intervention study in 20 subjects to see if the investigators can increase omega-3 dietary intake over a 4 week period. The investigators will measure self-report dietary intake of omega 3 and 6 fatty acids, as well as measure, fasting plasma fatty acid levels, before and after the intervention.


Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: - Age ≥ 40 years, - Physician diagnosis of COPD, Global Initiative for Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) Stage II-IV disease with Forced -Expiratory Volume (FEV1)/ Forced Vital Capacity (FVC) <70% and FEV1 (% predicted) <80%, - Tobacco exposure ≥ 10 pack-years - Former smoker with an exhaled Carbon Monoxide (eCO)<=6 ppm to confirm smoking status - No home smoking ban. - Subjects with low omega-3 intake (EPA+DHA levels <500mg) based on data extracted from a food frequency questionnaire (FFQ) completed before the randomization. Exclusion Criteria: - Chronic systemic corticosteroids, - Other chronic lung disease including asthma, - Living in location other than home (e.g., long term care facility) - Homeowner or occupant planning to move or change residence within study period.

  • Start Date

    2019-01-23

  • Last Updated

    2019-02-21

  • Sponsor

    Johns Hopkins University

  • Condition Name

    Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease

Learn about this trial.

Check the eligibility requirements, study details, and more.

Related Trials

Different trials target different symptoms, condition types, and patients. Learn more about other emergeing treatments being investigated now.