Phosphodiesterase 4 Inhibitor, Roflumilast, and the Effects of Inhibition in Severe Asthma

Clinical Trial ID: NCT04108377

Description

This study evaluates the effects of roflumilast on restoring response β2 adrenoreceptor agonists in low T2, obese asthmatics. One group of participants will receive roflumilast for 3 months, while the other will receive a placebo.

T2 low asthma is common in obese asthmatics. New evidence suggests that hyperinsulinemia and insulin resistance, both common in obesity, are associated with an increased risk of concurrent asthma. Targeting Phosphodiesterase 4 inhibitors (PDE4) allows for examination of a mechanism potentially linking obesity and asthma as well as identification of readily available and safe options to treat hyperinsulinemic, overweight asthmatics. It is hypothesized that obesity and hyperinsulinemia contribute to asthma by impairing β2 adrenoreceptor function and that this can be rescued the PDE4 inhibitor, roflumilast.


Criteria

Inclusion Criteria: - Have a physician diagnosis of asthma. - Require treatment with moderate to high-dose >2500mcg/day of fluticasone or equivalent, or use of oral steroids Also two of the following: - Requirement for additional daily treatment with other controller medication - Daily Asthma symptoms - Forced Expiratory Volume / Forced Vital Capacity (FEV1/FVC) < 70% and FEV1< 80% predicted - ≥1 urgent care visits/year - ≥3 oral steroid bursts/year - Near-fatal asthma event. - Exhaled Nitric oxide (FeNO)<30 ppb - Peripheral blood eosinophil count < 300 (x10-6/ul) - Obesity, BMI≥30 Exclusion Criteria: - Less than 18 years of age - baseline FEV1 <30% predicted - pregnant or nursing women - current smokers or subject with >20 pack year history - any history of intolerance of, or reaction to, Roflumilast. - Prisoners - Patients with liver disease - Subjects with Hepatic impairment (contraindicated in moderate-to-severe liver impairment: Child-Pugh Score Class B/C) for example. - Patients with clinically significant psychiatric history (i.e., suicidality, etc.) and psychiatric illness - Patients using strong CYP 450 enzyme inducers (e.g., rifampicin, phenobarbital, carbamazepine, phenytoin).

  • Start Date

    2019-01-21

  • Last Updated

    2020-01-23

  • Sponsor

    University of California, Davis

  • Condition Name

    Asthma

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